Climate change

One of our most important sustainability targets is to ensure that, by the end of 2030, our mills no longer use any fossil fuels nor purchase any fossil-based energy. This will mean our production will no longer generate any fossil-based carbon dioxide emissions.

Our greenhouse gas emissions reduction targets are endorsed by the Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi) and meet the strictest requirements of the Paris Agreement, which aims to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial levels.

The transition to completely fossil free energy requires improvements in energy efficiency and mill-specific measures to replace fossil fuels, both in our own energy production and in terms of purchased electricity and heat.

In recognition of our efforts to reduce emissions and climate risks and to develop a low-carbon economy, Metsä Board has been included in CDP’s Climate A list for six consecutive years (2016–2021).

Energy from renewable and fossil free sources

Currently, fossil-free energy accounts for 85% of our total energy consumption. More than half of the energy we use is based on renewable energy, mostly wood-based biomass. This means that we make use of the fractions generated by forest industry processes and our wood supply, such as black liquor, bark and logging residues. About a third of the energy we use is generated by nuclear power and the rest, about 15%, by fossil fuels.

By the end of 2030, the fossil fuels used in our own energy generation (natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, peat and oil) will be replaced by renewable fuels or by energy generated by fossil-free means. In terms of purchased energy, we will also switch to renewable or fossil-free alternatives. We do not use coal at all in our own energy generation. Of the purchased electricity we use, a minor share is generated by coal.

Our roadmap summarises the key measures we plan to take to reduce our fossil-based carbon dioxide emissions to zero.

The significant role of our value chain

The emissions of our value chain (Scope 3) make up 81% of all our fossil-based carbon dioxide emissions. A significant portion of the emissions in our value chain is attributable to the production of the raw materials we purchase, the further processing and transport of the products we sell and the disposal of products at the end of their life cycle. Reducing these emissions is more challenging for us than reducing emissions from our own mills. We encourage our key suppliers to set their own emission-reduction targets in accordance with the Science Based Targets initiative. We also favour low-emission modes of transport wherever possible.