Renewable, wood-based bioenergy constitutes 80% of the energy used in Metsä Group’s production. Nationally, we are a major producer of renewable energy: Metsä Group produces over 15% of the renewable energy in Finland. In 2018, we produced a total of 29 TWh of renewable energy of which a majority, 25 TWh, was used in our own production.
Our investments in biobased renewable energy and improved energy efficiency have enabled us to reduce our fossil carbon dioxide (CO₂) emissions by 45% per product tonne over the years (2009–2018). We produce renewable energy from logging residue, such as branches and treetops, sawdust and bark from sawmills, as well as production side streams.
The energy self-sufficiency rate of our pulp mills is 140%, and they are among the largest producers of renewable energy in Finland. In addition to our own production, we supply bioenergy in the form of district heat to local communities and electricity to the grid. The Äänekoski bioproduct plant will increase our share by 2 percentage points and the mill will produce 2.4 times the amount of energy it consumes.
Investments in renewable energy
In recent years, Metsä Group has made significant investments in bioenergy, which have further increased the share of bioenergy in our operations. Our most recent investment, a biopower plant at the Metsä Tissue mill in Mariestad in Sweden in 2015, reduces the mill’s oil consumption by 90% and CO₂ emissions by around 30% compared to the present level.
Read more about our recent on upcoming investments.
A major supplier of energy to replace fossil fuels
In addition to its own energy production, Metsä Group is one of the largest suppliers of wood-based biomass in Finland. We enable customers to replace fossil fuels, with customers all around the country. Metsä Group supplies the equivalent of 4 TWh of biomass for bioenergy production that can replace around 1 million tonnes of fossil carbon dioxide emissions per year. Our external deliveries do more than just offset our climate change effects, as their share is over 40% more than our own annual emissions. Our direct fossil CO2 emissions were 649,000 tonnes in 2018.
Focus on energy efficiency
As well as increasing the share of renewable energy, we are focusing on energy efficiency. Metsä Group has improved its energy efficiency by 7% between 2009 and 2018. Our target is to improve our energy efficiency by 10% between 2009 and 2020. Improving energy efficiency is an important element in all of our major production investments.