When establishing a new forest in Finland, you can order mixed cultivation of pine and spruce from Metsä Group. This means planting spruce and either planting or sowing pine in the regeneration area. The method is particularly suitable for areas where there is a risk of moose damage, and it also reduces the risk of other damage.
You do not need to figure out whether mixed cultivation is suitable for the area where you plan to establish a new forest. Metsä Group’s forest specialist will help you choose the right tree species.
The cultivation method offered by Metsä Group starts with soil preparation in the regeneration area, followed by the planting of spruce and the planting or sowing of pine. For example, for every 1,000 to 1,200 spruce seedlings planted per hectare, around 150 grams of pine seeds will be sown.
The person in charge of the procedure is equipped with a basket for seedlings and a seed bottle. They plant seedlings in some of the mounds and sow seeds in the rest. Pine has traditionally been sown in harrowed or scalped soil, but an inverted mound also offers a suitable bed for pine seeds. In cost terms, mixed cultivation is somewhat less expensive than planting only spruce seedlings on the site.
Young stand management is the same for mixed cultivation and traditional cultivation. The most important task is to remove deciduous tree sprouts, which are harmful to the planted and sown trees. The number of spruce and pine per hectare ranges from 1,800 to 2,000, and deciduous trees are left in the area to the extent possible.