Climate and environment

Fossil free mills and purchased energy

Our target is that by the end of 2030, our production units will not use any fossil fuels or purchase any fossil-based energy. This will mean our direct and indirect fossil-based carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, so called Scopes 1 and 2, will fall to zero. Scope 1 covers direct greenhouse gas emissions from fuels used in our own operations and Scope 2 covers indirect greenhouse gas emissions from purchased heat and electricity.

Of the energy we consume, 85% is produced from fossil free sources. Our main energy sources are bioenergy, which is generated from the wood-based fractions of our processes (black liquor, bark, and logging residues), and nuclear power.

The emissions of our value chain (Scope 3) were 1,854,840 tonnes in 2021, which amounts to 81% of all our fossil-based carbon dioxide emissions. In our science-based targets, we are committed to 70% of our non-fibre-based suppliers and logistics operators responsible for our customer deliveries (measured as a share of purchasing costs) setting themselves targets in line with the Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi) by 2024. By the end of 2021, 16% of our suppliers from the target group had set targets in line with the SBTi.

Fossil free mills and purchased energy

Target 2030

2021

2020

2019

Share of fossil free energy, %(1)

100​

85​

83​

83​

Direct and indirect fossil CO2 emissions, tonnes(2) 

0

439,494

522,273

512,701

(1) As part of total energy consumption, % of own energy generation and purchased energy, calculated as primary energy​
(2) Scope 1 and Scope 2 market-based emissions​. Figures have been revised due to additional data.

Resource-efficient production

By improving energy efficiency we can cut our CO2 emissions and save costs. For example, an investment in 2021 to make the evaporation plant at the Husum pulp mill more efficient will save more than 90 000 MWh of energy per year.

All the process and cooling water we use is taken from nearby surface waters. As our plants are located in water-rich areas in Finland and Sweden, no water is taken from areas that are classed as being under high water stress according to the World Resource Institute’s Aqueduct Water Risk Atlas. Despite this we are continuously working to decrease the amount of process water we use and have defined mill-specific measures to improve water recycling and reduce the amount of raw water we take from natural sources.

We continuously improve our recovery processes to avoid waste in pulp and paperboard production. By increasing the recycling of process water, for example, we can reduce fibre material losses. We are also looking for new ways to reuse residues, and we use wood bark, black liquor and other organic fractions for energy production. Our goal is to make use of all production side streams so that we reduce our landfill waste to zero by the end of 2030. Our greatest challenge is finding applications for the green liquor dregs generated in the pulp production process, and we are currently investigating potential solutions.

Resource-efficient production

Target 2030

2021

2020

2019

Energy efficiency improvement, change from 2018 level, % ​

>+10​

+4.3​

+4.4

+1.7​

Process water use per tonne of product, change from 2018 level, %​

-30​

-12.6​

-7.5​

-10.9​

Utilisation of side streams, %​

100

99.8 ​

99.3​

99.4​

Figures for energy efficiency and water use differ from those previously reported due to revised data for the 2018 base year.